Lesson 6-The rules of the letter Raa

March 12, 2008

There are a few rules regarding the letter Raa.

1. Raa with a regular Harakah (Dhamma, fatha, kasra/Zabar, zer, pesh).

If the raa has a fatha/zabar, or Dhamma/pesh, it will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 

يَشْعُرُونَ

If the raa has a kasrah/zer under it, it will be pronounced with an empty mouth.

Examples:

غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

2. Raa saakin (with a jazm/sukoon on it, or because of stopping).

If the raa is saakin, we look at the letter before it. If that letter has fatha/zabar on it, the raa will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

أَنذَرْتَهُمْ

If the letter before the raa saakin has a kasrah, it will be pronounced with an empty mouth. (There are a few exceptions to this rule, but they are rare).

Examples:

تُنذِرْهُمْ

 

التَّكَاثُرُ (when stopping on the raa)

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

3. Raa is saakin because of stopping at an ayah, and the letter before it is saakin. In this case you must look at the second letter before the raa. If it has dhamma/pesh or fatha/zabar, it will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

وَالْعَصْرِ

 

خُسْرٍ

In the above example, the letters Ain and Khaa have fatha/zabar and Dhamma/pesh respectively, so the raa will be pronounced with a full mouth.

If the second letter has kasrah, the raa will be pronounced with an empty mouth.

Example:

ذِي الذِّكْرِ (when stopping on the raa)

In the above example, the letter Zaal has kasrah, so raa will be pronounced empty mouth.

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

Lesson 5-The Rules of Meem Saakin

March 3, 2008

There are two rules related to Meem Saakin. Meem saakin means that Meem which has a sukoon/jazm on it.

1. Ikhfa. Whenever there is a meem saakin followed by a Baa, ikhfa will be done. The sound of the meem will not be completely pronounced, and the sound will be lengthened. Example:

 

وَمَا هُم بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

2. Izhar. If there is ANY other letter other than Meem, the meem will be pronounced completely, and the sound will NOT be lengthened. Example:

 

وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عظِيمٌ

Listen to the soundbyte for more details!

 

Practice Lesson-Various Surahs

February 28, 2008

This lesson is for practicing the rules that you should have learned by now. I will go through various Surahs. I suggest that you follow along with a copy of the Quran. Rightclick mouse and choose “Save Link As” to download for later.

1. Surah Lahab.

2. Surah Nasr.

3. Surah Kawthar.

Lesson 4: The Rules of Noon Saakin and Tanween

February 20, 2008

Noon Saakin means a Noon with a Jazm/Sukoon on it. Tanween means two fatha ( two zabar), two Kasra (two zer), and two Dhamma (two pesh).

There are four rules related to Noon Saakin and Tanween. In all the rules, you must look at the letter after the Noon Saakin or Tanween to determine which rule to follow.

The four rules are:

1. Izhar.

2. Iqlaab.

3. Idhghaam

4. Ikhfa

1. Izhar. When the noon saakin or tanween is followed by any of the Huroof Halaqee, meaning the six letters that are pronounced from the throat, izhar will take place. Izhar means to pronounce the “N” sound of the noon saakin or tanween WITHOUT stretching it. The huroof halaqi are:

 

ءه ع ح غ خ

Listen to the soundbyte for more details

2. Iqlaab. If there is a letter BAA after the Noon Saakin or Tanween, Iqlaab will take place. Iqlaab means to change the sound of a Noon Saakin or tanween (“N” sound) into a meem. The sound will also be stretched into a Ghunna. Usually there is a little meem to signify this change. Listen to the soundbyte for more details. The examples:

أَلِيمٌ بِمَا

 

مِن بَعْدُ

3. Idghaam. If after the Noon Saakin or Tanween any of the letters of يرملون appear, idghaam will be done. Idghaam means to combine the “N” sound of the Noon or tanween with the following letter. In four letters, يومن (Yaa, Waaw, Meem, Noon) Idghaam will be WITH Ghunna. In the two letters, ل ر (Laam and Raa), Idghaam will be without Ghunna. Listen to the soundbyte for more details.

Examples WITH ghunna:

مَن يَقُولُ

مَن يُفْسِدُ

Examples WITHOUT ghunna:

يَوْماً لاَّ

مُصَدِّقاً لِّمَا

4. Ikhfa. When we have learnt the above three rules, we will discover that there are fifteen letters remaining, they are:

ت ث ج د ذ ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ف

 

ق ك

Whenever any of these fifteen letters appear after Noon Saakin or Tanween, ikhfa will be done. Ikhfa means to slightly “hide” the “N” sound of the Noon Saakin and Tanween, and lengthen it slightly. Listen to soundbyte for more details.

Tajweed Lesson 3

February 15, 2008

The Laam of Allah and Allahummah.

Rule: Whenever we come across the Laam of the word “Allah” or “Allahumma”, we must look at the letter before it. If the letter has fatha(zabar) or Dhamma (Pesh), the Laam will be pronounced with a full mouth. Otherwise if it has a kasra (zer) it will be pronounced with an empty mouth. Click here to listen, or right click mouse to download and save for later.

Tajweed Lesson 2

February 14, 2008

The rule of Qalqala

Rule: Whenever you come across the letters Qaaf, Taa, Baa, Jeem, Daal in the state of sukoon or at the end of the verses in the state of Waqf (stopping) an echoing sound is pronounced. Please listen to the audio byte for more details!

Tajweed Lesson 1

February 14, 2008

The Ghunna of Noon and Meem Mushaddad.

Rule: Whenever you come across a Noon or Meem with a Shadda/Tashdeed, you must make ghunna. For the explanation, please listen to the audio lesson. To hear the Surah in completion click here .

The Simplified Rules of Tajweed

February 14, 2008

This website is dedicated to my tajweed class who work so diligently to learn tajweed. They didn’t want to miss any lessons while out of the country, so I am making sure that I update the site with the new lessons!


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