Lesson 6-The rules of the letter Raa

There are a few rules regarding the letter Raa.

1. Raa with a regular Harakah (Dhamma, fatha, kasra/Zabar, zer, pesh).

If the raa has a fatha/zabar, or Dhamma/pesh, it will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 

يَشْعُرُونَ

If the raa has a kasrah/zer under it, it will be pronounced with an empty mouth.

Examples:

غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

2. Raa saakin (with a jazm/sukoon on it, or because of stopping).

If the raa is saakin, we look at the letter before it. If that letter has fatha/zabar on it, the raa will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

أَنذَرْتَهُمْ

If the letter before the raa saakin has a kasrah, it will be pronounced with an empty mouth. (There are a few exceptions to this rule, but they are rare).

Examples:

تُنذِرْهُمْ

 

التَّكَاثُرُ (when stopping on the raa)

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

3. Raa is saakin because of stopping at an ayah, and the letter before it is saakin. In this case you must look at the second letter before the raa. If it has dhamma/pesh or fatha/zabar, it will be pronounced with a full mouth.

Examples:

وَالْعَصْرِ

 

خُسْرٍ

In the above example, the letters Ain and Khaa have fatha/zabar and Dhamma/pesh respectively, so the raa will be pronounced with a full mouth.

If the second letter has kasrah, the raa will be pronounced with an empty mouth.

Example:

ذِي الذِّكْرِ (when stopping on the raa)

In the above example, the letter Zaal has kasrah, so raa will be pronounced empty mouth.

Listen to soundbyte for more details.

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18 Responses to “Lesson 6-The rules of the letter Raa”

  1. wawter99 Says:

    MashAllah nice site, thanks for all the hard work that you do!!
    I like the recitation, at 1st I thought it was Suddais cause it was really nice lol.

    May Allah (SWT) reward you for all the effort you put into this website.

  2. Zaid Says:

    Salaam aleykum
    what happen no more lessons????????/

  3. Imam Zia Says:

    Salaam,

    The main lessons remaining are the “Rules of Madd”. When I get the time I will update inshallah.

    Wassalaam

  4. atif hussain Says:

    Please keep the posts coming also I hope you do get to touch on all the main tajweed rules if you havent already (ikhfa, ikhfa meem saakin, qalqala, qalb ighdaam, ighdaam meem saakin, ghunna)

  5. Abdur Rahman Says:

    Salaam

    nice website mashAllah

    at what part of the mouth do we place our tongue for the full mouth raa?

    • Imam Zia Says:

      Salaam, the raa is pronounced from only one place, whether full mouth or empty mouth. Its the shape of the mouth which changes only.

  6. Umm Musaa Says:

    Brother, Please Please continue your lessons. They have been SOOOO Invaluable to me and ALL my students.
    You are getting SOOOOOOOOO Much reward and you don’t even know it!
    Please I pray to Allah to make you continue, because this knowledge, it is hard for us to get it from anywhere else.

  7. Maturidi Says:

    Asalaamu’alaykum.

    I have 1 question. I was told by my teacher that one does not make Qalqalah in verse of 1 of sura Lahab because it has a tashdeed. However when I was listening to Sheikh Abdul Basit he made Qalqalah. Are there differences of opinion in regards to Hafs an Asim. Please clarify.

    • Imam Zia Says:

      Yes @maturidi, the Qalqalah is done on the first verse of Lahab. It is done even more forcefully than a regular Qalqalah BECAUSE of the shaddah.

  8. kazi aminul Says:

    what is arji jer and what is asli jer and what is huroofi mustaliyah? how they are used in pronouncing raa

    • Imam Zia Says:

      Assalamualaykum,

      To understand the concept of aarzi zer/kasra, you need to be familiar with the Arabic language. But the easy thing to remember is most kasras are NOT aarzi, they are asli. There are only a couple of places in the Quran where it is aarzi, like in Surah Fajr, which is followed by Raa saakin, but that Raa saakin will be pronounced full mouth, even though it is after a kasra.

  9. Abdur Rehman Cheema Says:

    AoA Some tajweed rules have been problematic for me and I tend to forget them. Subhanallah, I found your way of explaining very useful. May Allah subhanuhu wa Taala give Barakah in your life and reward you in the hereafter as per His measure of blessings (without limits) for this effort.

  10. Salim Ali Says:

    Thank you for your effort. May God Almighty reserve a place in Jannatul Firdaus. I would like to proceed to lesson 7. Kindly help us.
    regards
    Salim

  11. Salim Ali Says:

    good lessons

  12. Iffath Says:

    assalaam-o-alaikum,
    JazakAllah Khair for making learning Tajweed easy !!

    Lesson 6-The rules of the letter Raa
    2. Raa saakin (with a jazm/sukoon on it, or because of stopping).

    Example:

    ذِي الذِّكْرِ (when stopping on the raa)

    In the above example, the letter Zaal has kasrah, so raa will be pronounced empty mouth.
    But the soundbyte says raa will be pronounced full mouth. Kindly edit the soundbyte.

  13. aisha Says:

    salaam,can u pleaz put up 5 things that make the raa empty mouth.
    thanx!!

  14. Rayhana Says:

    Got a test and am super ready for it!!!

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